The reindeer has had a huge impact on settlements and commerce in Varanger for thousands of years. Fencing facilities, or vuopmanat (hunting facilities consisting of low stone heaps or stone fences leading to a central enclosure where the animals were put to death), for hunting wild reindeer are found on several of the mountain ridges across the Varanger peninsula. One of these is only a few kilometres from the Cultural Heritage Park.
Pit fall systems are also found several places in the area. These were effectively placed in the reindeer´s migratory trail to and from the summer pastures on the Varanger peninsula. The pit falls were placed near natural hindrances such as rivers, moors and hills. Together with fences, hindering passage between the pits made the reindeer run straight into the pit falls.